RANDIĆ-TURATO

 

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REVITALIZATION PROJECT, CRES

 

 

RESEARCH

         
 

The project deals with an area of 700 hectares on the south-eastern part of the island Cres, comprising villages Srem, Plat and Verin with the surrounding pastures, forests and coastal area, where at present lives not more than a dozen people. The project was initiated by emigrants from New Jersey, planning a return to the old homeland.
One of evident peculiarities of the Cres-Losinj archipelago is an incredible contrast between urban centers and rural surroundings.
This area is not more than 15 minutes distant from one of the busiest tourist destinations, and at the same time it is completely dislocated from these destinations, and apart from its administrative destination, it is in no way conditioned by what happens in the island centers. Feeling of another time dimension is fostered by the pathways cut with series of wooden gates, which opening and closing make a short jurney and a long lasting adventure.
Decay of the island's villages and settlements outside main urban centers were a central planning problems. All attempts based on the revival of the traditional model of life have proved unsuccesfull, like attempts to colonize the area with tourist programs.
Villages and settlements, pastures, dry-walls, ponds, forests, form a unique system of a completely colonized environment, only with a rudimentary economic bases. This system has very limited and clear growth limits, because it is imposible to revive the existing model. Availability and size of pastures limits the flocks to 40-50 sheeps, far from minimal 200 or desirable 400 sheep.
Beside the fact it would be extremly difficult to colonize the area without damaging a very subtle balance of the existing system, the main question is what would extensive development serve for. Demografic trends show decline and not growth of the population. On the other hand extensive tourism is equaly not feasible because the area lacks basic infrastructure, and there are more attractive areas for this kind of the development on the island. Finally, new program would have little to do with the existing system and it would certainy endanger the sheep breeding, what is cerntainy the last scenario that would chouse anyone who has tasted the island's lamb.
In present context the only feasible strategy was to define a concept using existing means, without introducing new programs and infrastructure. Strategy is based on a no-tech approach, where the idea was to transform existing elements to create a self-supporting system.


Two sheep per ha
The first introduced question in this strategy is a capacity limit of the area. In this case capacity of the space is estimated by density of sheep per hectar. Present emptiness of pastures decreases sheep provender on 1 sheep per ha, and with designate measures it's possible to increase to 2 sheep per ha.
This number precises the necessary area of pastures, and the maximum number of potential farms.
In this material is taken hypothesis that the farms besides cattle raising occupies supplementary with tourism (so called agrotourism) or agriculture, so there are predicted seven new farms in total. The area doesn't have acqueduct and sewage system, because of unreasonable economics and the fact that this stimulates colonization of the area. Restriction of the total number of habitants (permanent and temporary ones) is connected to the capacity of region. There are predicted 50 buildings in total, located near the existing settlements.



 
 
 

 

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